Titus 2 verses 11-13
11 For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation to all people.
12 It trains us to reject godless ways and worldly desires and to live self-controlled, upright, and godly lives in the present age,
13 as we wait for the happy fulfillment of our hope in the glorious appearing of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ.
For – this word connects this passage with the previous passage regarding older men, older and younger women, younger men, and slaves.
the grace of God has appeared-
- The Greek word Char-is means graciousness which Webster has several definitions, but the best one that fits is God’s graciousness is God’s mercy and compassion.
B) God –
- Greek word is The-os, meaning the supreme Divinity.
C) Appeared –
- Ep-iph-ai-no is a compound word meaning to shine upon or to become visible or known.
- Our English word is epiphany which means a moment in which you suddenly see or understand something in a new or very clear way.
- This is referring to the first coming of Jesus, His life, death, and resurrection to redeem us from our sins.
bringing salvation to –
- So-te-ri-on – the word means a defender or a defense.
all people –
A) all –
- Pas – meaning all, any, every, the whole.
- In the context, all people would even include slaves as mentioned previously.
B) people –
- Anth-ro-pos – is a compound word meaning man-faced which means mankind.
- We get our word anthropology from this Greek word anthrop.
It trains us to –
- pai-deú-ō means to train up a child, that is to educate, or by implication, discipline by punishment.
- The prefix, paîs, means child.
- Below are a few ways this same word was translated in other scripture passages.
- Luke 23:16 (NET) 16 I will therefore have him flogged and release him.”
- 2 Timothy 2:25 (NET) 25 correcting opponents with gentleness. Perhaps God will grant them repentance and then knowledge of the truth
- Hebrews 12:6 (NET) 6 “For the Lord disciplines the one he loves and chastises every son he accepts.”
B) us –
- eg-ṓ a primary pronoun of the first person, I.
reject godless ways and –
- ar-né-om-ai means to…
- contradict- to not agree with something.
- disavow- to refuse to accept something.
- reject -to refuse to believe, accept, or consider something.
- abnegate – to deny or renounce.
B) godless ways
- As-eb-ei-a means impiety.
- Impiety means a lack of respect toward God.
- Sin for a Christian is ultimately a disrespect of God and His grace.
worldly desires and to –
- Kos-mi-kos means terrene which means mundane and earthly.
- Literally the word means mundane. Figuratively the word means corrupt.
- Ep-i-thy-mi-a means a longing, especially for what is forbidden.
- English also uses the prefix epi which is from the Greek and means a location: on, at, besides, after.
- Thy-mos means passion.
- What is Paul talking about when he says the grace of God has appeared to all men?
- In this passage, what rod is God using to train and discipline us to reject godless ways and worldly lusts?
- Why do so many Christians not reject sin in their lives, but instead they become at peace living with it?
- If God trains us by His grace, then does He also train us with natural consequences and divine consequences in response to our disobedience?
- Name some common earthly longings in which Christians struggle?
- If a Christian is becoming comfortable with his sin, how can he get out of this trap?
live self-controlled –
- Za-o means to live
B) self controlled –
- So-fron-ose means with a sound mind, moderate.
- This word has been used many times in this book in another form, sō-phron-é-ō, which means …sound in mind; sane; to put a moderate estimate upon one’s self, think of one’s self soberly; curbing ones’s desires and impulses.
upright, and –
- Dik-a-ios means equitably which means dealing fairly and equally with everyone.
godly lives in the –
- Eu-seb-os means piously which Webster defines as reverence for deity and devotion to divine worship.
present age –
A). Present –
- Nyn pronounced noon and means present or immediate.
B). Age –
- ai-ṓn means an age; perpetuity; the world; Messianic period.
- The English word, eon, comes from this Greek word.
as we wait for the –
- pros-déch-om-ai, has two meanings;
- to admit into one’s presence, like receiving one into a house;
- and to await, to expect, like awaiting for one to arrive at your home.
- See two verses below for examples.
- Philippians 2:29 (NET) 29 So welcome him in the Lord with great joy, and honor people like him,
- Luke 2:25 (NET) 25 Now there was a man in Jerusalem named Simeon who was righteous and devout, looking for the restoration of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was upon him.
- English translations use the second definition for this passage in Titus meaning to await or look for Christ’s second appearing.
- How do you feel when people are to arrive to your house at a specific time?
- How do you feel when the maintenance technician is to arrive sometime between noon and 4?
- What kinds of things do we do before guests arrive to our home?
- Then, how should expecting Christ’s appearing effect our Christians walk?
- ma-ká-ri-os means supremely blessed.
- Matthew 5:8 (NET) 8 “Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see God.
fulfillment of our hope –
- This phrase is actually one Greek word for the word, hope.
- el-pís means expectation or confidence.
- Name some specific spiritual blessings for which we are hoping, expecting, and placing our confidence in?
In the –
- the Greek uses a conjunction and can be translated “and” or “even”.
- Therefore, the hope mentioned above can be a separate subject of hope that we are awaiting, or it can be referring to the hope shown below, even the appearing of Christ.
- dóx-a means glory, splendor, brightness, magnificence.
- Protestants sing the doxo-logy, meaning the grace-saying. The Doxology by Thomas Ken 1674.
- Praise God, from whom all blessings flow;
- Praise Him, all creatures here below;
- Praise Him above, ye heavenly host;
- Praise Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. Amen.
appearing of our –
- ep-iph-án-e-ia means a manifestation.
- This is referring to the second coming of Jesus.
- This word is a slightly different form of the same word used in the previous verse to describe the first coming of Jesus, “for the grace of God which appeared”.
- The English word epiphany comes from this root word.
great God and Savior, Jesus Christ-
- The entire context of this passage is talking about Jesus, and the next verse is also talking about Jesus directly as our redeemer. Therefore, this passage combines God and Savior to be one person, Jesus Christ.
- This verse is a strong verse to prove the Trinity.
- meg’-as means big.
- The English word mega comes from this Greek word.
- the-ós means the supreme Divinity.
- ka-í is a conjunction.
- sō-tḗr means deliverer.
- I-ē-soûs of Hebrew origin and is translated into English as Jesus or Joshua.
- The Hebrew is Ye-hôw-shuʻa (Joshua) meaning Jehovah-saved.
- Christ-ós, means anointed, that is the Messiah, the word that describes Jesus.
Listening Prayer method – a method where you write what you think God would say to you after meditating and studying a Bible passage.
Are You Being Trained By The Grace and Glory of His Epiphanies?
All of your sins were placed onto Me. I was punished for your sins. I was scourged; thorns were pushed into My skull; they spit into My face; they nailed My hands and My feet to the cross – can you imagine the pain?; they pierced My side; they gave Me vinegar to drink; the sun was darkened; the wrath of God was upon Me for your sin. I died the death that you deserve for sin. I did this for you because of My mercy and compassion to save you from eternal destruction.
Now, will you be comfortable with sin after considering My love for you? Will you cheapen My grace by living contently with sin? Will you disrespect My suffering on the cross so you can be proud or satisfy the longings of your flesh? Will you disregard My sacrifice to live your way? Isn’t My grace a rod of love that disciplines you?
I’m coming again, and My coming is eminent. I will come in majasty, in brightness, in glory, and in power. You will give an account. I will bring blessings, an eternal inheritance, and New Jerusalem.
What will I find you doing when I arrive? Will you be ready to receive all my blessings with a clean conscience?